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Army JROTC FAQ:
- What is the AJROTC program?
AJROTC instills in students in the 9th-12th grade the values of citizenship, service to the United States, personal responsibility, and personal responsibility through education and mentoring. The AJROTC program is primarily a 3-year course of military instruction, with a fourth year being optional.
- What is the mission of the AJROTC program?
The mission of the AJROTC program is to develop citizens of character dedicated to serving their nation and community. More specifically, the program is designed to educate and train high school Cadets in citizenship, promote community service, instill responsibility, character and self-discipline, and pride in themselves and community.
- Who are the instructors in this course?
At least one retired Officer and NCO are assigned to each unit. The Officer is designated as the Senior Army Instructor (SAI), and the NCO as the Army Instructor (AI). Additional NCO instructors are authorized if the Cadet enrollment exceeds 151 is sustained, and if Army funding is available. AJROTC instructors are retired military members, but continue to wear the Army uniform (retired grade) in the performance of their duties. As such, instructors are required to meet and maintain Army uniform wear and grooming standards during their career as instructors.
- Who may apply for the SAI position?
Officers (Captain thru Colonel) who meet the following prerequisites may apply: Bachelor degree or higher from an accredited institution, retired as an Officer with at least 20 years of active duty; served last year of active duty as an Officer; retired less than 3 years, meet Army/AJROTC height/weight/body fat standards (30% for males/36% females), possess high standards of military bearing, appearance and moral character. Officers still on active duty may apply within 6 months of retirement or terminal leave date. Desirable prerequisites: a Master’s degree; teaching experience, command experience, and experience working with youth groups. Although AJROTC provides certification training for applicants selected to teach AJROTC, some schools may require instructors to be stated certified as a high school teacher or willing to work toward and achieve certification within a prescribed period.
- Who may apply for the AI position?
NCOs (SSG thru CSM) who meet the following prerequisites may apply: Retired as an NCO with at least 20 years of active duty; retired 3 years or less; meets Army/AJROTC height/weight/body fat standards (30% for males/36% for females); possess high standards of military bearing, appearance and moral character. NCOs still on active duty may apply within 6 months of retirement or terminal leave date. Desirable prerequisites: a Baccalaureate degree, experience in supply, administration, and drill and ceremonies; teaching experience; and experience working with youth groups.
- Are retired Guard/Reservists eligible for SAI or AI positions? Yes
- What is the SAI’s job?
The SAI manages the entire program. Although they spend much of their time in the classroom, enrollment activities are a fundamental part of the job. This involves: briefings to school administrators, faculty, and community organizations to explain the program and elicit support, counseling of Cadets and other students, and briefings to students from supporting junior high schools. The SAI must be involved in: community relations, liaison with other Army and civilian agencies, unit supply or administrative functions, career and performance counseling, and an extensive extracurricular program, such as a military ball, co-curricular competition, Cadet newspaper, drill team, honor guard, parades, flag raising, retreat ceremonies, presentation of awards, fund raising activities for the unit or charitable institutions, and a rocket club. As classroom teachers, they will typically be required to teach five out of six periods in the school day. The teaching load may be less if the unit is in its first year of operation at the school. They wear their Army Service Uniform while performing AJROTC duties. The job of the SAI is not as structured as most Army jobs. Although the Army provides some guidance for managing the program, self-direction, initiative, and self-reliance are essential traits of the SAI. Only Officers who desire this flexibility in their work should apply.
- What is the AI’s job?
The AIs work for the SAI. In most units, they are responsible for the Leadership Education portion of the curriculum. This includes drill and ceremonies, principles of leadership and management, and communication skills. They assist the SAI in teaching, particularly those areas where they have special competence because of their experience and training. They may give or grade tests, give career and performance counseling, and supervise Cadet Activities. They are also involved in the enrollment and co-curricular activities. Typically, the AIs are appointed Military Property Specialist and are responsible for uniforms and equipment and for other administrative matters. They wear their Army Service Uniform while performing AJROTC duties. The instructors, although not on active duty, are still working in and managing a military-type unit. The same NCO-Officer, subordinate-supervisor relationship which existed on active duty must be maintained in the AJROTC unit. Only those NCOs who can support the objectives of AJROTC and give their full loyalty, support, and cooperation to the SAI in achieving goals should apply.
- For whom do the instructors work?
Instructors are employees of the school and are responsible to the school authorities and Army JROTC for the conduct of the program. The SAI works for the principal and is the direct supervisor of the AI. The school and the instructor mutually agree on the length of the instructor’s contract (not less than 10 months per year). Even though the instructor’s contracts are with the schools, the Army reserves the right to remove instructors from the program through decertification action if their performance or conduct is unsatisfactory.
- May the instructors teach non-AJROTC subjects, such as math or social studies?
AJROTC instructors perform only those duties connected with the instruction, operation, and administration of the AJROTC program. Individuals employed as AJROTC instructors will not perform duties or teach classes in any discipline other than Army JROTC unless the performance of such duties or the teaching of such classes is outside the school’s normal day of academic instruction and is contracted for between the school and the individual AJROTC instructor at no expense to the Army; must clear however, this provision is not intended to preclude AJROTC instructors from serving on committees or performing other routine duties that are rotated regularly among other teachers in the school.
- What is the relationship of the instructors to other members of the faculty?
The SAI and AI are members of the faculty and teach an integral part of the school’s curriculum. They are subject to the same extracurricular assignments and duties as other teachers, such as homeroom and study hall monitor, and usually receive the same benefits of sick leave, holidays, and vacations as do the other teachers. Some states/school districts may require the SAI and AI to be certified as high school teachers above and beyond AJROTC instructor certification. AJROTC recommends that the SAI and AI work toward certification. In some states, the AI is permitted to teach military subjects without certification and may serve as a classroom assistant without being teacher certified by the state.
- What pay does the instructor receive?
Instructors receive, as a minimum, an amount equal to the difference between their retired pay and the active duty pay which they would receive if ordered to active duty. Active duty pay includes base pay, quarters allowance, subsistence allowance, clothing allowance (NCOs), and variable housing allowance. This is computed on a monthly basis, and then multiplied by the length of the contract. Assume your active duty pay to be $5000 and your retired pay to be $2000 monthly: (* NOTE: BAH is based on the zip code of the school where as an instructor--this amount may be more or less than when assigned on active duty.)
Pay & Allowances $5000
Less Retired Pay - $2000
Minimum Pay from School = $3000
(per month of contract length)
Schools must pay the minimum (prescribed by Title 10, USC, Section 2031) but may pay above the minimum. Any amount above the minimum is subject to negotiation between the instructor and the school. The Army reimburses the school one-half of the minimum. Each active duty pay raise will result in an increase of the minimum pay from the school. Conversely, each cost of living raise in retired pay could result in a decrease of the minimum pay. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, AJROTC instructors are not, while so employed, considered to be on active duty or inactive duty training for any purpose. Only the pay is computed as though you were on active duty.
- Will my retired pay and school pay equal my gross monthly active duty salary?
Yes, your gross will be the same. However, your net pay may be different because allowances are not taxable on active duty; as an AJROTC instructor, allowances are considered part of the gross pay and are taxable.
- What is the length of the contract?
The minimum instructor employment contract length is 10 months. As you know, not all schools operate summer sessions. Therefore, the lengths of contracts vary. The school’s budget, school policy, and individual negotiating skill affect contract lengths. Some schools cannot afford to offer a 12-month contract, or will not because the other teachers are on shorter contracts. Those schools granting 12-month contracts must insure that the instructors will be performing duties in direct support of AJROTC throughout the duration of the contract.
- Will the school or the Army reimburse me for interview or moving costs?
The Army offers no reimbursement and most schools offer none. AJROTC instructors selected for overseas positions in Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) are moved at DoDEA expense schedules.
- What does the Army furnish the AJROTC units?
The Army supplies curriculum materials such as instructor guides, textbooks, training aids, lesson plans, uniforms for students, some training equipment, a vehicle rental allowance, a telephone charge allowance, and up to one-half of an instructor’s Minimum Instructor Pay (MIP) amount.
- What does the school furnish?
The school furnishes a portion of the instructor’s pay, the necessary facilities for the classroom instruction, equipment and uniform storage, a drill area, and the same supervision, support, and equipment normally provided other teachers and classes.
- Where are the AJROTC units located?
The law requires that a fair and equitable geographic distribution be followed, therefore, programs are located in all 50 states. Units are also located in Germany, Japan, Korea, Italy, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, America Soma, Guam, and the North Marinas Islands.
- Who is responsible for the success of the AJROTC program?
The success of the program in any school depends primarily on the SAI and AI. The differences in skill, experience, and grade enable each instructor to relate to the Cadets in a different way and are thus complimentary. This partially explains the team effort required for a successful unit, and is a factor in determining whether the program will attract the required number and quality of students and, therefore, determine the viability of the unit and the tenure of the instructors.
- How are applicants evaluated?
Applicants are given an overall evaluation score based on educational background, teaching experience, command experience (Officers), experience with youth groups, military performance, highest grade held while on active duty, and an interview conducted by a certified Cadet Command Interviewer.
- How does the hiring process work? Instructor vacancies are posted on the Army JROTC website at www.usarmyjrotc.com. Only those applicants deemed qualified by United States Army Cadet Command may apply for vacancies by directly contacting the school with vacancy.
- How will I find out about available positions? You should go to the Army JROTC website at www.usarmyjrotc.com. The Vacancy List is updated weekly.
- When should I apply?
If you are retired, you should apply immediately. If you are not retired, you should apply within 6 months of your retirement date.
- How long will my application be retained on file?
Approved applications are retained until for three years from certification date. It is the applicant/instructor’s responsibility to insure his/her file is updated with current contact information. Instructors who terminate employment and are eligible for reemployment consideration may remain as active applicants for two years after their date of resignation.
- Will you return my records, resume, or other data I provide at the time of application?
We are unable to return any of this material due to the large number of applications and letters processed; so be sure you retain a copy of any material which you may need later.
- What if I retired with Army or VA disability?
If you retired with 30% disability or more, you must submit a copy of your summary of Veterans Administration Disability Determination to Instructor Management Division for review by the Cadet Command Surgeon General. You must also provide medical documentation that describes the original medical condition, current status and treatment plan.
- Why and what type of photo is required with my application?
Instructors continue to wear the Army uniform in the performance of their duties and must demonstrate an appropriate Army image. You must provide a 4x6 DA/DA Style photo in Army Service Uniform with all awards that you are authorized to wear.
- As an Army Junior ROTC instructor, will my retirement status change?
Your retired status does not change. You are not on active duty, and you are not in the active Army Reserves. Although you teach JROTC subjects and are associated with the Army as an AJROTC.
- Are retiree recall eligible?
Retiree Recalls are not eligible for JROTC Certification if the initial retirement date is more than 3 years.
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